, Volume 15, Issue 1-3, pp 17-29

Applications of improved stoichiometric model in medium design and fed-batch cultivation of animal cells in bioreactor

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In our previous work (Xie and Wang, 1994a), a simplified stoichiometric model on energy metabolism for animal cell cultivation was developed. Fed-batch experiments were performed in T-flasks using this model in supplemental medium design (Xie and Wang, 1994b). In this work, the major pathways of glucose and glutamine metabolism were incorporated into the stoichiometric model. Fed-batch culture was conducted in a 2-liter bioreactor with appropriate process control strategies. Nutrient concentrations, especially glucose and glutamine, were maintained at constant but low levels through the automated feeding of a supplemental medium formulated using the improved stoichiometric model. The formation of toxic byproducts, such as ammonia and lactate (Hassellet al., 1991), was greatly reduced. The specific lactate production rate was decreased by 62-fold compared with batch culture in bioreactor and by 8-fold compared to fed-batch culture in T-flask using the previous stoichiometric model. Ammonia formation was also decreased compared with both the batch and fed-batch cultures. Most importantly, the monoclonal antibody concentration reached 900 mg l−1, an increase of 17- and 1.6-fold compared with the batch and fed-batch cultures respectively.