Journal of Intelligent Information Systems

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 5–31

Nonstandard set theories and information management

  • Varol Akman
  • Müjdat Pakkan

DOI: 10.1007/BF00712384

Cite this article as:
Akman, V. & Pakkan, M. J Intell Inf Syst (1996) 6: 5. doi:10.1007/BF00712384


The merits of set theory as a foundational tool in mathematics stimulate its use in various areas of artificial intelligence, in particular intelligent information systems. In this paper, a study of various nonstandard treatments of set theory from this perspective is offered. Applications of these alternative set theories to information or knowledge management are surveyed.


set theoryknowledge representationinformation managementcommonsense reasoningnonwell-founded sets (hypersets)

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Varol Akman
    • 1
  • Müjdat Pakkan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer Engineering and Information ScienceBilkent UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Computer EngineeringBosphorus UniversityIstanbulTurkey