Foundations of Physics

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 423–443

Thermodynamics as a science of symmetry

  • Herbert Callen

DOI: 10.1007/BF00708519

Cite this article as:
Callen, H. Found Phys (1974) 4: 423. doi:10.1007/BF00708519


A new interpretation of thermodynamics is advanced; thermodynamics is the study of those properties of macroscopic matter that follow from the symmetry properties of physical laws, mediated through the statistics of large systems.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Callen
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The Racah Institute of PhysicsThe Hebrew University of JerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia