, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 109-125

Treatment of autistic children: Relative effectiveness of residential, out-patient and home-based interventions

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Abstract

This study investigates the relative effectiveness of three different treatment approaches on three groups of autistic children. Only theHome-based group showed significant improvements on the behavioral observation measure. Further, the nonresidential groups (Home-based andOutpatient) were the only groups who demonstrated consistent improvements as measured by the Functional Behavior Checklist. Overall, few differences existed, indicating that the effects of the different interventions were comparable. Therefore, for both clinical and economic reasons, nonresidential approaches should be implemented initially with autistic children.

The authors wish to extend their appreciation to the Hospital for Sick Children Foundation, without whom this study would not have been possible. The authors would also like to thank the following people who helped in this study: Dr. Jalal Shamsie, Dr. Steven Stein, Mary McMillan, Dr. Greg Mazuryk, Dr. Tony LePage, Dr. David Hung, Dr. Leslie Gardner, Heather McPherson, Heather McKiernan, Richard Darjes, Nancy Freeman, Angie Hussein, Dr. Julie Malvesuto, and Chris Gibbons. Finally, we would like to thank all the children, families and staff of House 17 for their cooperation and participation in this study.