Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 307-324

First online:

On the pH-dependent formation constants of iron(III)-sulfur(IV) transient complexes

  • Eric A. BettertonAffiliated withDepartment of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Arizona

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An experimental study is described of Fe(III)-S(IV) formation constants measured as a function of pH (1–3), ionic strength (0.2–0.5 M) and [Fe(III)] T (2.5−5.0×10−4 M) using a continuous-flow spectrophotometric technique to make observations 160 ms after mixing. Preliminary experiments using pulse-accelerated-flow (PAF) spectrophotometry to measure rate constants on a microsecond timescale are also described. The conditional formation constant at 25 °C can be modeled with the following equation: {ie307-1} where {ie307-2}K 7 andK 8 can be interpreted as intrinsic constants for the coordination of HSO 3 by FeOH2+ and Fe3+, respectively, but until further evidence is obtained they should be regarded as fitting constants. PAF spectrophotometry showed that the initial reaction of Fe(III) with S(IV) (pH 2.0) is characterized by a second-order rate constant of ≈4×106 M−1 s−1 which is comparable to rate of reaction of FeOH2+ with SO 4 2− . However, the PAF results should be regarded as preliminary since unexpected features in the initial data indicate that the reaction may be more complex than expected.

Key words

Sulfur dioxide iron(III)-S(IV) complexes sulfur(IV) autoxidation pulsed-accelerated-flow spectrophotometry