Environmental and Resource Economics

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 55–74

Primary and secondary values of wetland ecosystems

Authors

  • Ing-Marie Gren
    • Beijer International Institute of Ecological EconomicsThe Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
  • Carl Folke
    • Beijer International Institute of Ecological EconomicsThe Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
    • Department of Systems EcologyStockholm University
  • Kerry Turner
    • CSERGE, University of East Anglia
    • University College
  • Ian Batemen
    • CSERGE, University of East Anglia
    • School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of East Anglia
    • University College
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00691932

Cite this article as:
Gren, I., Folke, C., Turner, K. et al. Environ Resource Econ (1994) 4: 55. doi:10.1007/BF00691932

Abstract

Wetlands are continuously degraded in many parts of the world. One reason is the lack of the appropriate valuation of the multifunctionality of wetland. In an attempt to improve the understanding of the importance of this feature of wetlands an alternative classification of values is suggested; primary and secondary values. Primary value refers to the development and maintenance of ecosystems — their self-organizing capacity. Secondary values are defined as the outputs, life-support functions and services, generated by wetlands. Methods for measuring these values are discussed. Three case studies are presented which use different valuation methods and which to different degrees capture the primary and secondary values. It is concluded that only part of the total wetland value can be captured in monetary terms.

Key words

wetland valuation ecological functions primary and secondary values case studies

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994