Outcomes of 116 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
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- Onodera, H., Ukai, K., Nakano, N. et al. Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. (1994) 33: S103. doi:10.1007/BF00686678
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We studied the outcomes of 116 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosed in our hospital between January 1980 and August 1992. The patients were divided into groups according to the principal treatment procedure. The 3-year survival rates in the patients treated by percutaneous ultrasonically guided ethanol injection (PEI), operation (hepatic resection), and transcatheter hepatic arterial embolization (TAE) were 90.9%, 53.6%, and 29.0%, respectively. None of the patients treated by oneshot injection of an anticancer agent into the hepatic artery and chemotherapy survived for more than 2 years. The outcomes of the patients treated by PEI and hepatic resection were significantly better than those of the patients treated by the other procedures. There was no significant difference when the patients were stratified according to the year of detection. The 3-year survival rate was 57.3% for 19 patients in whom HCCs were detected during clinical follow-up for chronic liver disease and 17.3% for the other 97 patients. We concluded that hepatic resection in patients with good liver function and PEI for early HCC yielded significantly better survival rates than the other procedures. Moreover, for early detection and treatment of HCC, we recommend clinical follow-up of patients with chronic liver disease.