Archiv für Gynäkologie

, Volume 221, Issue 1, pp 1-4

First online:

Paul Zweifel, pioneer fetal physiologist

A centennary tribute
  • Donald H. BarronAffiliated withDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Florida College of Medicine

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The demonstration by Paul Zweifel a hundred years ago (1876) that the fetus in utero consumes oxygen marks the beginning of the modern era of research on foetal physiology. The circumstances which led to the demonstration are reviewed, and its importance acknowledged anew as a tribute to Zweifel's many contributions to obstetrics and gynecoloy.