Archiv für Gynäkologie

, Volume 221, Issue 1, pp 1–4

Paul Zweifel, pioneer fetal physiologist

A centennary tribute


  • Donald H. Barron
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Florida College of Medicine

DOI: 10.1007/BF00667675

Cite this article as:
Barron, D.H. Arch. Gynäk. (1976) 221: 1. doi:10.1007/BF00667675


The demonstration by Paul Zweifel a hundred years ago (1876) that the fetus in utero consumes oxygen marks the beginning of the modern era of research on foetal physiology. The circumstances which led to the demonstration are reviewed, and its importance acknowledged anew as a tribute to Zweifel's many contributions to obstetrics and gynecoloy.

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© J. F. Bergmann-Verlag 1976