Chromosomal homologies betweenDrosophila lebanonensis andD. melanogaster determined by in situ hybridization
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- Papaceit, M. & Juan, E. Chromosoma (1993) 102: 361. doi:10.1007/BF00661280
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Twelve biotin-labelled recombinant DNA probes were hybridized to polytene chromosomes ofDrosophila melanogaster andD. lebanonesis. Probes were chosen in order to cover the whole chromosomal complement. Six probes correspond to known genes fromD. melanogaster (RpII215, H3−H4, MHC, hsp28/23, hsp83, hsp70), four probes are clones isolated from aD. subobscura library (Xdh, λDsubS3, λDsubG3, λDsubG4) and the remaining two probes correspond to the Adh gene ofD. lebanonensis and to one sequence (262), not yet characterized, from the same species. The chromosomal homologies obtained from the in situ hybridization results allow us to determine that Muller's C and D chromosomal elements are fused in the karyotype ofD. lebanonensis and constitute the large metacentric chromosome. Single pericentric inversions in theE andB elements have generated the medium and small metacentric chromosomes, respectively. No great changes are detected in Muller'sA element, which remains acrocentric. The changes detected in the karyotypic evolution ofD. lebanonensis are frequently observed inDrosophila evolution, as deduced from chromosomal homologies of severalDrosophila species. The results are also consistent with Muller's proposal that chromosomal elements have been conserved during the evolution ofDrosophila.