Improved patch-clamp techniques for high-resolution current recording from cells and cell-free membrane patches
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The extracellular patch clamp method, which first allowed the detection of single channel currents in biological membranes, has been further refined to enable higher current resolution, direct membrane patch potential control, and physical isolation of membrane patches.
A description of a convenient method for the fabrication of patch recording pipettes is given together with procedures followed to achieve giga-seals i.e. pipettemembrane seals with resistances of 109–1011Ω.
The basic patch clamp recording circuit, and designs for improved frequency response are described along with the present limitations in recording the currents from single channels.
Procedures for preparation and recording from three representative cell types are given. Some properties of single acetylcholine-activated channels in muscle membrane are described to illustrate the improved current and time resolution achieved with giga-seals.
A description is given of the various ways that patches of membrane can be physically isolated from cells. This isolation enables the recording of single channel currents with well-defined solutions on both sides of the membrane. Two types of isolated cell-free patch configurations can be formed: an inside-out patch with its cytoplasmic membrane face exposed to the bath solution, and an outside-out patch with its extracellular membrane face exposed to the bath solution.
The application of the method for the recording of ionic currents and internal dialysis of small cells is considered. Single channel resolution can be achieved when recording from whole cells, if the cell diameter is small (<20μm).
The wide range of cell types amenable to giga-seal formation is discussed.
- Brandt BL, Hagiwara S, Kidokoro Y, Miyazaki S (1976) Action potentials in the rat chromaffin cell and effects of Acetylcholine. J Physiol (Lond) 263:417–439
- Cass A, Dalmark M (1973) Equilibrium dialysis of ions in nystatintreated red cells. Nature (New Biol) 244:47–49
- Fenwick EM, Fajdiga PB, Howe NBS, Livett BG (1978) Functional and morphological characterization of isolated bovine adrenal medullary cells. J Cell Biol 76:12–30
- Gage PW, Van Helden D (1979) Effects of permeant monovalent cations on end-plate channels. J Physiol (Lond) 288:509–528
- Hamill OP, Sakmann B (1981) A cell-free method for recording single channel currents from biological membranes. J Physiol (Lond) 312:41–42P
- Horn R, Brodwick MS (1980) Acetylcholine-induced current in perfused rat myoballs. J Gen Physiol 75:297–321
- Horn R, Patlak JB (1980) Single channel currents from excised patches of muscle membrane. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 77:6930–6934
- Kostyuk PG, Krishtal OA (1977) Separation of sodium and calcium currents in the somatic membrane of mollusc neurones. J Physiol (Lond) 270:545–568
- Kostyuk PG, Krishtal OA, Pidoplichko VI (1976) Effect of internal fluoride and phosphate on membrane currents during intracellular dialysis of nerve cells. Nature 257:691–693
- Krishtal OA, Pidoplichko VI (1975) Intracellular perfusion of Helix neurons. Neurophysiol (Kiev) 7:258–259
- Krishtal OA, Pidoplichko VI (1980) A receptor for protons in the nerve cell membrane. Neuroscience 5:2325–2327
- Läuger P (1975) Shot noise in ion channels. Biochim Biophys Acta 413:1–10
- Langmuir I (1938) Overturning and anchoring of monolayers. Science 87:493–500
- Lee KS, Akaike N, Brown AM (1978) Properties of internally perfused, voltage clamped, isolated nerve cell bodies. J Gen Physiol 71:489–508
- Neher E (1981) Unit conductance studies in biological membranes. In: Baker PF (ed), Techniques in cellular physiology, Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam
- Neher E, Sakmann B (1976) Single channel currents recorded from membrane of denervated frog muscle fibres. Nature 260:799–802
- Neher E, Sakmann B, Steinbach JH (1978) The extracellular patch clamp: A method for resolving currents through individual open channels in biological membranes. Pflügers Arch 375:219–228
- Nir S, Bentz J (1978) On the forces between phospholipid bilayers. J Colloid Interface Sci 65:399–412
- Parsegian VA, Fuller N, Rand RP (1979) Measured work of deformation and repulsion of lecithin bilayers. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 76: 2750–2754
- Petrov JG, Kuhn H, Möbius D (1980) Three-Phase Contact Line Motion in the deposition of spread monolayers. J Colloid Interface Sci 73:66–75
- Sakmann B, Patlak J, Neher E (1980) Single acetylcholine-activated channels show burst-kinetics in presence of desensitizing concentrations of agonist. Nature 286:71–73
- Sigworth FJ, Neher E (1980) Single Na+ channel currents observed in cultured rat muscle cells. Nature 287:447–449
- Stevens CF (1972) Inferences about membrane properties from electrical noise measurements. Biophys J 12:1028–1047
- Improved patch-clamp techniques for high-resolution current recording from cells and cell-free membrane patches
Volume 391, Issue 2 , pp 85-100
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Membrane currents
- Single channel recording
- Ionic channels
- Industry Sectors