, Volume 16, Issue 1-2, pp 87-118

On the longitudinal static and dynamic susceptibility of spin-1/2 Kondo systems

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Abstract

The impurity spin polarization, static susceptibility, and longitudinal impurity spin relaxation rate are calculated for thes-d model as function of temperature and magnetic field for ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange coupling. The thermodynamic functions and the dynamical susceptibility are obtained from the impurity relaxation spectrum, which is approximated by taking into account the infrared-like singularities. For antiferromagnetic coupling the zero-field susceptibility obeys a Curie-Weiss law1/χ∼4.6(T+θ) for high and intermediate temperatures and it approaches the finite value1/χ∼3.8θ for zero temperature. The zero-field relaxation rate is much larger than the Korringa value; it decreases with temperature and approaches the nonzero value1/T 1∼1.2θ for zero temperature. The relaxation rate decreases with increasing field. The results for the spin polarization agree well with the experimental data for the Cu:Fe alloy.