, Volume 269, Issue 1, pp 43-48

The pH dependence of dispersion of TiO2 particles in aqueous surfactant solutions

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Abstract

The pH dependence of dispersion of titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles has been examined in the presence of surfactant molecules in water. Whereas particles were dispersed in water at acid and alkaline regions rather than at neutral region, the dispersion was enhanced at neutral region in an aqueous sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) solution and at acid and alkaline regions in an aqueous dodecyldimethylamine oxide (C12DAO) solution. Considering the pH dependence of zeta potential, the adsorption models of surfactant molecules on a particle were estimated on the basis of the modes of hemimicelle and double-layer compression. While the particles that adsorbed Al3+ were remarkably dispersed around pH 6, their dispersion does not largely depend on pH in the addition of SDS, indicating the adsorption of SDS molecules to form double-layer compression in the whole pH region. Dynamic light-scattering measurement and electron microscopic observation suggested that the particles were dispersed in water as small flocs.