, Volume 161, Issue 2, pp 279-293

Hydromagnetic stability of a gas-liquid interface of coaxial cylinders

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Abstract

The magnetohydrodynamic stability of a finite hollow jet acting it up on the capilarity, inertia and electromagnetic forces has been developed. A general eigenvalue relation is derived and studied analytically and the results are confirmed numerically and interpreted physically to all possible modes of perturbations. The model is capillary unstable to small axisymmetric disturbance and stable for all other disturbances. The model is magnetodynamic stable to all possible modes of perturbations for all (short and long) wavelengths. The magnetic field exerts a strong stabilizing influence not only to axisymmetric disturbance which causes only the bending of the magnetic lines of force but also to the non-axisymmetric disturbances that also leads to twisting of lines. It is found that the capillary instability is quickly decreasing with increasing the magnetic field intensities and, moreover, above a certain value of the basic magnetic field the capillary instability is completely suppressed and stability sets in.

Numerous reported works are recovered as limiting cases from the present general work.