, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 177-189

The heterogeneous condensation of interstellar ice grains

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Processes of heterogeneous condensation are investigated. We consider the situation that vapor and solid grains of which material is other than that of the vapor coexist and the saturation of the vapor increases with time. If the contact angle of the condensate to the solid is small (≳90°), the condensate will be formed as mantles coating the solid grains but only a fraction of the solid grains will be coated by mantles. The ratio of core-mantle grains to bare solid grains in number will be smaller as the density of the vapor and the time scale of saturation increase are large. Actual calculations are made by adopting H2O ice as the mantle material and magnesium silicate as the core material.