On the origin and structure of stellar magnetic fields
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- Piddington, J.H. Astrophys Space Sci (1983) 90: 217. doi:10.1007/BF00651562
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Newly formed stars have magnetic fields provided by the compression of the interstellar field, and contrary to a widely accepted idea these fields are not destroyed by convective motions. For the same reason, the fallacy of ‘turbulent diffusion’, turbulent dynamo action is not possible in any star. Thus all stellar magnetic fields have a common origin, and persist throughout the lifetime of each star, including degenerate phases. This common origin, and a general similarity in stellar evolutionary processes, suggest that the fields may develop similar structural characteristics and MHD effects. This would open new possibilities of coordinating the studies of different types of stars and relating them to solar physics which has tended to become isolated from general stellar physics. As an initial step we consider three features of solar magnetic fields and their MHD effects. First, the solar magnetic field comprises two separate components: a poloidal field and a toroidal field. The former is a dipole field, permeating the entire Sun and closely aligned with the rotational axis; at the surface it is always concealed by much stronger elements of the toroidal field. The latter is probably wound from the former by differential rotation at latitudes below about 35°, where sections emerge through the solar surface and are then carried polewards. The second feature of solar magnetic fields is that all flux is concentrated into flux tubes of strength some kG, isolated within a much larger volume of non-magnetic plasma. The third feature is that the flux tubes are helically twisted into flux ropes (up to ≳1022Mx) and smaller elements ranging down to flux fibres (≲ 1018Mx). Some implications of similar features in other stars are discussed.