Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 125, Issue 1, pp 189–199

Evolution of the Universe through the Planck epoch

  • C. Sivaram

DOI: 10.1007/BF00643984

Cite this article as:
Sivaram, C. Astrophys Space Sci (1986) 125: 189. doi:10.1007/BF00643984


The problem of the Universe emerging out of the Planck epoch is discussed. It is pointed out that an earlier exponential expansion phase well before the onset of the GUTs phase transition is essential. Such an expansion can occur owing to the breaking of scale invariance at Planck energies in a unified theory of gravity with other interactions.

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Sivaram
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of AstrophysicsBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations