The role of anaerobic ability in middle distance running performance
- Cite this article as:
- Houmard, J.A., Costill, D.L., Mitchell, J.B. et al. Europ. J. Appl. Physiol. (1991) 62: 40. doi:10.1007/BF00635632
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The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between anaerobic ability and middle distance running performance. Ten runners of similar performance capacities (5 km times: 16.72, SE 0.2 min) were examined during 4 weeks of controlled training. The runners performed a battery of tests each week [maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max), vertical jump, and Margaria power run] and raced 5 km three times (weeks 1, 2, 4) on an indoor 200-m track (all subjects competing). Regression analysis revealed that the combination of time to exhaustion (TTE) during theVO2max test (r2=0.63) and measures from the Margaria power test (W·kg−1,r2=0.18 ; W,r2=0.05) accounted for 86% of the total variance in race times (P<0.05). Regression analysis demonstrated that TTE was influenced by both anaerobic ability [vertical jump, power (W·kg−1) and aerobic capacity (VO2max, ml·kg−1·min−1)]. These results indicate that the anaerobic systems influence middle distance performance in runners of similar abilities.