The role of anaerobic ability in middle distance running performance

  • J. A. Houmard
  • D. L. Costill
  • J. B. Mitchell
  • S. H. Park
  • T. C. Chenier
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00635632

Cite this article as:
Houmard, J.A., Costill, D.L., Mitchell, J.B. et al. Europ. J. Appl. Physiol. (1991) 62: 40. doi:10.1007/BF00635632

Summary

The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between anaerobic ability and middle distance running performance. Ten runners of similar performance capacities (5 km times: 16.72, SE 0.2 min) were examined during 4 weeks of controlled training. The runners performed a battery of tests each week [maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max), vertical jump, and Margaria power run] and raced 5 km three times (weeks 1, 2, 4) on an indoor 200-m track (all subjects competing). Regression analysis revealed that the combination of time to exhaustion (TTE) during theVO2max test (r2=0.63) and measures from the Margaria power test (W·kg−1,r2=0.18 ; W,r2=0.05) accounted for 86% of the total variance in race times (P<0.05). Regression analysis demonstrated that TTE was influenced by both anaerobic ability [vertical jump, power (W·kg−1) and aerobic capacity (VO2max, ml·kg−1·min−1)]. These results indicate that the anaerobic systems influence middle distance performance in runners of similar abilities.

Key words

Power Performance Endurance runners 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Houmard
    • 1
  • D. L. Costill
    • 1
  • J. B. Mitchell
    • 1
  • S. H. Park
    • 1
  • T. C. Chenier
    • 2
  1. 1.Human Performance LaboratoryBall State UniversityMuncieUSA
  2. 2.BiostatisticsEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA
  3. 3.Human Performance Laboratory, Sports Medicine BLDGEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA