, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 9-13

Iodixanol vs iopamidol in intravenous DSA of the abdominal aorta and lower extremity arteries: a comparative phase-III trial

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Abstract

Iodixanol (visipaque, 320 mgI/ml) was compared with iopamidol (Solutrast, 370 mfI/ml) in a double-blind, randomized, parallel group, intravenous DSA phase-III trial for evaluation of safety and efficacy. A total of 117 patients received iodixanol (n = 60) or iopamidol (n = 57). Diagnostic efficacy was evaluated using categoric and visual analogue scales. Discomfort and adverse evenets were recorded. A total of 39 patients collected urine up to 72 h after the examination for analysis. Diagnostic efficacy and radiographic density were similar in both groups. Discomfort was milder with iodixanol. The difference between the frequency of adverse events between both groups (iodixanol = 7, iopamidol = 2) was without statistical significance. Creatinine clearance was slightly more affected by iodixanol, whereas the increase in renal excretion ofN-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase (NAG) in the first 24 h collection period after the examination was significantly higher (p < 0.01) with iopamidol. Iodixanol was of equal diagnostic efficacy compared with iopamidol despite its reduced iodine content. Both contrast media are well suited for IV DSA.