Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 455-461

The rotation of the polarization in low birefringence monomode optical fibres due to geometric effects

  • J. N. RossAffiliated withTechnology Planning and Research Division, Central Electricity Generating Board

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Monomode optical fibres of very low intrinsic linear and circular birefringence have been developed for use in polarimetric optical fibre sensors, most notably the fibre optic current sensor. The polarization of light travelling along such fibres is known to be modified by external stress applied to the fibre. In this paper it is shown that the polarization state may also be rotated if the path of the fibre is bent in a nonplanar curve. A theory is developed which enables the effect to be quantified and the results are shown to agree with some measurements on a fibre bent into a helix.