, Volume 147, Issue 3, pp 323-327

Optical properties of a cephalopod eye (the short finned squid,Illex illecebrosus)

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Summary

The extent to which the cephalopod eye is optically similar to the teleost eye was determined by measuring refractive error, accommodative ability, spherical and chromatic aberrations, and refractive indices and radii of curvature of the ocular media. The squid eye is well corrected optically underwater although a tendency toward hyperopia exists. This may be due to the existence of chromatic aberration and the fact that an aquatic environment is somewhat limited to the blue end of the spectrum. Accommodation takes place by movement of the lens toward the retina in a manner similar to the teleost eye. However, the squid lens is not spherical but slightly flattened. The lens is overcorrected as far as spherical aberration is concerned. Thus peripheral light rays focus further from the lens than paraxial ones. The function of this unusual example of lens development is unknown.