, Volume 391, Issue 3, pp 195-199

Effects of severe arterial hypocapnia on regional blood flow regulation, tissuePO2 and metabolism in the brain cortex of cats

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Abstract

The effect of a stepwise decrease inPaCO2 from 3.9–1.6 kPa on rCBF, rCMRO2, tissuePO2 and concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate, ATP, ADP, AMP and phosphocreatine in the brain cortex was studied in cats lightly anaesthetized with sodium pentobarbital. 1. Moderate lowering ofPaCO2 to 2.5 kPa induced in all animals a homogeneous decrease of rCBF in corresponding areas of the right and left hemisphere. Mean rCBF fell from 129.2 to 103.1 ml · 100 g−1 · min−1, while rCMRO2 remained unchanged (12.7–12.9 ml · 100 g−1 · min−1). The tissuePO2 frequency histograms showed a shift to lower values without indicating the presence of brain tissue hypoxia. 2. Severe arterial hypocapnia (PaCO2=1.6 kPa) caused an inhomogeneous blood flow reaction. Both further decreased as well as increased rCBF values were measured simultaneously in the brain cortex of individual animals (mean rCBF=97.6 ml · 100 g−1 · min−1). At the same time tissuePO2 measurements and metabolite assays indicated the presence of pronounced brain tissue hypoxia. The tissue concentrations of lactate and pyruvate and the lactate/pyruvate ratio were significantly increased, while the phosphocreatine concentration was significantly reduced. In addition, rCMRO2 decreased to 11.3 ml · 100 g−1 · min−1. The results provide conclusive evidence that severe arterial hypocapnia leads to an insufficient O2 supply of the brain cortex, which in turn seems to counteract the influence of hypocapnia on cortical blood flow regulation.

Preliminary reports of these investigations were presented at the “International Symposium on Oxygen Transport to Tissue”, July 9–11, 1980 in Budapest and at the “Second International Symposium on Pathophysiology and Pharmacotherapy of Cerebrovascular Disorders”, July 22–25, 1980 in Tübingen, FRG