Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 313, Issue 3, pp 197–221

Relevance of sodium transport pool measurements in toad bladder tissue for the elucidation of the mechanism whereby hormones stimulate active sodium transport


  • Jean Crabbé
    • Endocrine Unit, Department of PhysiologyUniversity of Louvain Medical School
  • Paul de Weer
    • Endocrine Unit, Department of PhysiologyUniversity of Louvain Medical School

DOI: 10.1007/BF00586744

Cite this article as:
Crabbé, J. & de Weer, P. Pflugers Arch. (1969) 313: 197. doi:10.1007/BF00586744


The size of toad bladder sodium transport pool, defined as that amount of sodium of apical origin and recovered in tissue at equilibrium, was compared with sodium transport rate, derived from short-circuit current read immediately before tissue analysis.

Provided certain precautions be taken, the relationship between both variables can be described by a curve starting at the intersect ofX (pool, in μEq) andY (transport, in μEq/hr) axes, with a tendency forX to increase faster thanY. Assuming sodium transport pool forms one compartment, its calculated half-life averages 2–3 min.

sodium transport pool measurements are thought to shed light on mechanism of sodium transport by toad bladder because pool size was large with respect to transport rate when tissue was exposed to several inhibitors of sodium transport. Conversely, upon stimulation of activity of (substrate — depleted) preparations by glucose, a relative reduction of pool size was observed.

Aldosterone, vasopressin (and adenosine 3′,5′-phosphate) increased sodium pool size and transport rate, proportionately; insulin stimulated sodium transport more than it increased pool size. Thus, insulin presumably exerts its effect at the sodium “pump” while such a site of action need not be postulated for aldosterone and vasopressin: these 2 hormones would instead induce, permeability changes faciliting sodium movement at the apical border of toad bladder epithelial cells.


Toad BladderSodium Transport PoolAldosteroneInsulinVasopressin



Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1969