, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 115-125

The demise of the rudist-bearing carbonate platforms at the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary: a global control

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Abstract

The demise of the rudist-bearing carbonate blatforms at the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary is tudied in different ways through examples from the Vestern Mediterranean Province. During the Late Cenonanian, North and South Tethyan carbonate platforms xtened widely and were subjected to different climatic and oceanographic conditions. The onset of the demise of the carbonate platforms occurred during Upper Arphaeocretacea and Helvetica biozone times and was boeval with the Global Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE2). A major biologic turnover affected the benthic organisms i.e. rudists and large foraminifera. The rudists underwent a severe extinction event, leading to the disappearance of the dominantly aragonite secreting rudists, while the dominantly calcitic forms were less affected. The major development of the carbonate platforms occurred during the Latest Cenomanian — Earliest Turonian, involving a transgressive highstand system tract and a keep-up carbonate organization. During the Early Turonian the carbonate sedimentation was disturbed; hard-grounds, condensed beds, terrigenous inputs developed and a gap in the carbonate platform deposition occurred. A combination of several sequentially linked factors, could explain the demise of the carbonate platform and the major change on the benthic ecosystem at the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary.