Gel growth and dielectric studies of K, Rb and Cs perchlorates
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- Shripathi, T., Bhat, H.L. & Narayanan, P.S. J Mater Sci (1980) 15: 3095. doi:10.1007/BF00550381
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Single crystals of K, Rb and Cs perchlorates have been grown by the counter diffusion of the respective ions and ClO4−through the gel medium. Studies on nucleation, growth kinetics, morphological aspects and purity are discussed in this paper. The dielectric constant, εb, as well as loss measured along the longest axis, exhibits an anomaly at the transition temperature, Tt, in all the three crystals. It is found that the peak values of Tt are approximately 800, 100 and 53 in K, Rb and Cs perchlorates, respectively. The dielectric anomaly and the large value of εb in the cubic phase are discussed in terms of the degree of disorder of the ClO4−group and the possible contribution from defects.