Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 265–271

Impact of desertification on temperature trends in the Middle East

  • Hassan A. Nasrallah
  • Robert C. BallingJr.

DOI: 10.1007/BF00546894

Cite this article as:
Nasrallah, H.A. & Balling, R.C. Environ Monit Assess (1995) 37: 265. doi:10.1007/BF00546894


The intense interest in desertification and climate change has stimulated detailed studies of temperature records in many areas of the world. In this investigation, the temperature records from the Middle East region are analyzed over the period 1950–1990. Results reveal a linear, statistically significant temperature increase of 0.07 °C/decade over the 41-year period. An analysis of spatial controls on these temperature changes reveals a warming effect associated with both overgrazing and the degree of human-induced desertification. The results of this study are consistent with theoretical and empirical studies predicting and demonstrating a warming signal associated with these land surface changes in the world's dryland areas.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hassan A. Nasrallah
    • 1
  • Robert C. BallingJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences, Public Authority for Applied Education and TrainingCollege of Health SciencesKuwait CityKuwait
  2. 2.Office of ClimatologyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA