Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 1333–1345

Conversion mechanisms of a polycarbosilane precursor into an SiC-based ceramic material

  • E. Bouillon
  • F. Langlais
  • R. Pailler
  • R. Naslain
  • F. Cruege
  • P. V. Huong
  • J. C. Sarthou
  • A. Delpuech
  • C. Laffon
  • P. Lagarde
  • M. Monthioux
  • A. Oberlin
Papers

DOI: 10.1007/BF00544474

Cite this article as:
Bouillon, E., Langlais, F., Pailler, R. et al. J Mater Sci (1991) 26: 1333. doi:10.1007/BF00544474

Abstract

The pyrolysis of a PCS precursor has been studied up to 1600 °C through the analysis of the gas phase and the characterization of the solid residue by thermogravimetric analysis, extended X-ray absorption fine structure, electron spectrocopy for chemical analysis, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman and Auger electron spectroscopy microanalyses, as well as electrical conductivity measurements. The pyrolysis mechanism involves three main steps: (1) an organometallic mineral transition (550 < Tp < 800 °C) leading to an amorphous hydrogenated solid built on tetrahedral SiC, Si02 and silicon oxycarbide entities, (2) a nucleation of SiC (1000 < Tp < 1200 °C) resulting in SiC nuclei (less than 3 nm in size) surrounded with aromatic carbon layers, and (3) a SiC grain-size coarsening (Tp > 1400 °C) consuming the residual amorphous phases and giving rise simultaneously to a probable evolution of SiO and CO. The formation of free carbon results in a sharp insulator-quasimetal transition with a percolation effect.

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Bouillon
    • 1
  • F. Langlais
    • 1
  • R. Pailler
    • 1
  • R. Naslain
    • 1
  • F. Cruege
    • 2
  • P. V. Huong
    • 2
  • J. C. Sarthou
    • 3
  • A. Delpuech
    • 3
  • C. Laffon
    • 4
  • P. Lagarde
    • 4
  • M. Monthioux
    • 5
  • A. Oberlin
    • 5
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie du Solide du CNRSUniversité de Bordeaux 1TalenceFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Spectroscopie Moléculaire et CristallineUniversité de Bordeaux 1TalenceFrance
  3. 3.Centre d'Etudes Scientifiques et Techniques d'AquitaineCEALe BarpFrance
  4. 4.LURE, Bt 209DUniversité de Paris-OrsayOrsayFrance
  5. 5.Laboratoire Marcel MathieuUniversité de PauPauFrance