, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 131-136

On the role of calcium in chemotaxis and oscillations of dictyostelium cells

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Abstract

Migration of differentiated cells to a capillary containing cyclic AMP was enhanced in the presence of 1 mM CaCl2 and was virtually absent in the presence of 1 mM EGTA. Furthermore, the cells contracted and extended pseudopods to a capillary filled with the calcium ionophore A 23187. At short distances, migration to the tip of the capillary was observed. The ionophore also induced transient decreases of the optical density of suspended cells indicating changes of cell shape. These findings support the hypothesis that cyclic AMP-binding to cell surface receptors causes a local influx of calcium ions. These in turn lead to an increase of the cytosolic calcium concentration and subsequently to an activation of cell migration. Perturbing pulses of the ionophore induced permanent phase shifts of free-running light scattering oscillations. This result indicates that cytosolic calcium is an intrinsic component of the oscillatory system.

Based on material presented at the Symposium “Intercellular Communication”, Stuttgart, September 16–17, 1982