, Volume 65, Issue 3, pp 269-276

Fluorescence fading and stabilization in cytofluorometry

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The factors affecting fluorescence fading in cytofluorometry were investigated using different kinds of nuclear staining, mounting media, and procedure of specimen preparation. Acceleration of fluorescence fading was observed in smear specimens treated with RNase, trypsin, or hypotonic solution before pararosaniline Feulgen nuclear staining. Similar effect was found for other DNA-stainings such as “33258 Hoechst” and Feulgen reactions with different Schiff-type dyes, such as acriflavine-SO2 and cresylviolet-SO2, when chemically pure DNA was used. Fluorescence decay was rapid for all fluorochromes examined, when glycerin or buffer solution was used as mounting medium. Marked stabilization of fluorescence emission was induced in specimen mounted in non-fluorescent resin, Entellan (Merck), after post-staining fixation with absolute methanol for all tested fluorochromes. The same treatment induced almost complete fluorescence stabilization of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC); no detectable fluorescence fading was observed in a specimen stained with indirect immunofluorescence reaction using anti-UV-DNA antibody, during storage for 2 years at room temperature without special protection against light. These observations suggest that factors which bring about conformational stability of macromoleculedye complexes generally induce fluorescence stabilization.