, Volume 89, Issue 2, pp 151-161

Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) IV in rat organs

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Immunohistochemistry and activity histochemistry were used to study the localization of dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) IV in rats. For immunohistochemistry, polyclonal as well as monoclonal anti-DPP IV antibodies were employed. The pattern of DPP IV immunoreactivity, determined with polyclonal anti-DPP IV antibody, corresponds to the histochemical pattern found for the enzymic activity of DPP IV. Immunoreactivity was present, in addition, in nerve cells, lateral membranes of certain surface epithelia, e.g., Fallopian tube, uterus and vesicular gland, in the luminal cytoplasm of e.g., vesicular gland epithelium, and in mucous cells of Brunner's gland. The monoclonal antibodies against DPP IV recognized four different epitopes (A D) of the DPP IV molecule, and revealed that certain epitopes were not detectable by immunohistochemistry in some organs. Generally, the staining intensities for epitopes A, B, C and D decreased in that order. Usually, the monoclonal antibodies against epitopes A and B showed similar reaction patterns to those as obtained with the polyclonal antibody. Epitope D was recognized in the lumen of the duct system of exocrine glands and the intestine. Further-more, high reactivity of this epitope was detected in goblet cells of the intestine, where no DPP IV activity was present.

Dedicated to Professor Z. Lojda on the occasion of his 60th birthday
To whom offprint requests should be sent
Supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Re 523/2-1), Hermann and Lilly Schilling-Stiftung and Maria Sonnenfeld-Stiftung