Foliar sensitivity of eight eastern hardwood tree species to ozone
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- Davis, D.D. & Skelly, J.M. Water Air Soil Pollut (1992) 62: 269. doi:10.1007/BF00480261
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As part of a larger 3-yr study, container-grown seedlings of black cherry (Prunus serotina) red maple (Acer rubrum), red oak (Ouercus rubra), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), white ash (Fraxinus americana), white oak (Ouercus alba), yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), and yellow birch (Betula allegheniensis) were exposed to 0,0.075, or 0.15 μL L-1 O3 in laboratory controlled-environment chambers for 6 hr d−1 on 2 consecutive days for 12 weeks. On the third consecutive day of each week, plants were treated for 45 min with precipitation at pH 3.0 or 4.2. The only significant foliar symptoms were induced by the O3 treatments, and the severity of symptoms was not influenced by precipitation pH. The most common symptom was a dark, adaxial stipple which was most severe on the oldest leaves. Equations were developed to express the influence of leaf position on percent leaf injury following 4, 8, and 12 weeks of treatment. Based on percent leaf tissue showing stipple and defoliation following exposure to 0.15 μL L−1 O3, the most sensitive species to O3 was black cherry, followed by sweetgum, yellow-poplar, white ash, red maple and yellow birch. Red oak and white oak foliage did not exhibit stipple.