Part III Long Term Trends in Acidification

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 85, Issue 2, pp 659-664

First online:

Trends in wet and dry deposition of sulphur in the United Kingdom

  • C. E. H. DowningAffiliated withNational Environmental Technology Centre, AEA Technology
  • , K. J. VincentAffiliated withNational Environmental Technology Centre, AEA Technology
  • , G. W. CampbellAffiliated withNational Environmental Technology Centre, AEA Technology
  • , D. FowlerAffiliated withInstitute of Terrestrial Ecology
  • , R. I. SmithAffiliated withInstitute of Terrestrial Ecology

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UK data on sulphur deposition trends between the 1960's and 1990's are presented. Long term data sets of sulphur dioxide (SO2) concentrations at two sites have been analysed and dry deposition determined using a resistance model. Wet deposition has been calculated from non-marine sulphate concentration and rainfall fields for 1978–80 and 1989–93. These maps have been interpolated and corrected for seeder feeder enhancement. The wet deposition of sulphur declined by about 43 % between 1979 and 1993 whereas emissions of sulphur declined by about 32 %. An indication of the trends in sulphur dry deposition is provided by data from Eskdalemuir, a site in southern Scotland where wet deposition and SO2 concentration have been measured since 1979. Dry deposition at Eskdalemuir has decreased by 70 % and wet deposition by 48 %. Hence, while wet deposition has responded approximately linearly with the decline in UK emissions of sulphur dioxide, dry deposition has declined at twice the rate of decline in UK emissions.

Key words

United Kingdom sulphur deposition trends