Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 144, Issue 1, pp 1–7

Nitrospira marina gen. nov. sp. nov.: a chemolithotrophic nitrite-oxidizing bacterium

  • Stanley W. Watson
  • Eberhard Bock
  • Frederica W. Valois
  • John B. Waterbury
  • Ursula Schlosser
Original Papers

DOI: 10.1007/BF00454947

Cite this article as:
Watson, S.W., Bock, E., Valois, F.W. et al. Arch. Microbiol. (1986) 144: 1. doi:10.1007/BF00454947

Abstract

A new chemolithotrophic nitrite-oxidizing bacterium, for which the name Nitrospira marina is proposed, was isolated from the Gulf of Maine. N. marina is a Gramnegative curved rod which may form spirals with 1 to 12 turns. Cells have a unique periplasmic space and lack intracytoplasmic membranes and carboxysomes. N. marina is an obligate chemolithotroph, but best growth is obtained in a mixotrophic medium. N. marina may be one of the most prevalent nitrite-oxidizing bacteria in some oceanic environments. Type strain is field with American Type Culture Collection (ATCC 43039).

Key words

Nitrospira marinaNitrite-oxidizing bacteriumChemolithotrophicMixotrophicPeriplasmic space

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanley W. Watson
    • 1
  • Eberhard Bock
    • 2
  • Frederica W. Valois
    • 1
  • John B. Waterbury
    • 1
  • Ursula Schlosser
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyWoods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleUSA
  2. 2.Mikrobiologische AbteilungInstitut für Allgemeine Botanik der Universität HamburgHamburg 52Germany