, Volume 145, Issue 3, pp 225-232

Calcium ionophore A 23187 affects localized wall secretion in the tip region of pollen tubes of Lilium longiflorum

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The effects of the calcium inonophore A 23187 on growing pollen tubes of Lilium longiflorum Thunb. cv. Ace were investigated with the light and electron microscope. Tip growth is slowed down and stopped within 20 min after application of 5x10-5 M ionophore A 23187. The main effects are the disappearance of the clear zone at the pollen tube tip and a thickening of the cell wall at the tip and at the pollen tube flanks. This effect on cell wall formation is confirmed under the electron microscope: The vesicular zone in treated pollen tubes is reduced, numerous vesicular contents are irregularly integrated in the pollen tube wall not only in the tip, but over a long distance of the pollen tube wall. In addition, effects on mitochondria and dictyosomes are observed. These results are interpreted as a disorientation of the Ca2+-based orientation mechanism of exocytosis after equilibration of the Ca2+-gradient