Sagi, F., Eyal, F., Armon, Y. et al. Eur J Pediatr (1981) 137: 283. doi:10.1007/BF00443258
Exchange transfusion using a peripheral artery and vein was carried out 18 times in 17 newborn infants. The arteries used to withdraw blood were the radial , the ulnar  and the posterior tibial . Infusion of blood was carried out simultaneously through a peripheral vein. There was no mortality or morbidity directly associated with the procedure. We recommend this technique for exchange transfusion in general, and especially in the very ill newborn.