Diphtheritic septicaemia and probable endocarditis: A case report and review of the literature
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- Sirinavin, S. & Suthas-Na-Aynthaya, P. Eur J Pediatr (1985) 144: 395. doi:10.1007/BF00441786
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Corynebacterium diphtheriae usually produces an infection limited to the respiratory tract and the organisms rarely invade the blood stream. We report the case of a 6-year-old girl who, 2 months after an unsuccessful repair of a ventricular septal defect, developed septicaemia with nontoxigenic C. diphtheriae. The organism appeared resistant to penicillin in vitro and failed to respond to a course of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole to which it was susceptible in the laboratory. A cure was finally achieved using cephalothin and gentamicin, followed by an additional course of ampicillin and amoxicillin. Twelve previously recorded cases of diphtheritic sepsis and endocarditis are reviewed.
Key wordsDiphtheria Endocarditis Septicaemia