Quality of Life Research

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 13–20

Quality of life is not negatively affected by diet and exercise intervention in healthy men with cardiovascular risk factors

Authors

  • M.-L. Hellénius
    • Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska InstituteCentre of General Medicine NVSO
  • C. Dahlöf
    • GLF Medical Research Center AB
  • H. Åberg
    • Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Family MedicineKarolinska Institute
  • I. Krakau
    • Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska InstituteCentre of General Medicine NVSO
  • U. de Faire
    • Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental MedicineKarolinska Institute
Research Papers

DOI: 10.1007/BF00434378

Cite this article as:
Hellénius, M., Dahlöf, C., Åberg, H. et al. Qual Life Res (1995) 4: 13. doi:10.1007/BF00434378

Abstract

Health-related quality of life was assessed in a diet and exercise intervention study among 157 healthy men aged 35–60 years (mean ± s.d.; 46.2 ± 5.0) with moderately raised cardiovascular risk factors. The men were randomized to four groups, diet (D, n=40), exercise (E, n=39), diet plus exercise (DE, n=39), and no active intervention (controls (C) n=39). Quality of life was measured with two self-administered questionnaires; Subjective Symptoms Assessment Profile and Minor Symptom Evaluation Profile, at baseline and after 1.5, 3 and 6 months. Cardiovascular risk factors were investigated at baseline and after 6 months. As a result of changes in dietary habits and physical exercise in the three intervention groups, several important cardiovascular risk factors were significantly reduced. The quality of life/well-being did not differ between the four groups and did not change significantly in any of the groups during the study. There was, however, a tendency towards fewer gastrointestinal symptoms in group D and fewer cardiac symptoms in group DE. We conclude that advice on lifestyle changes in the form of diet and exercise reduce risk factors in middle-aged men without negative effects on their quality of life.

Key words

Dietexerciseinterventionquality of life
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Copyright information

© Rapid Communications of Oxford Ltd 1995