Article

Dysphagia

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 93-98

A penetration-aspiration scale

  • John C. RosenbekAffiliated withDepartment of Neurology, Williams S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine
  • , Jo Anne RobbinsAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine
  • , Ellen B. RoeckerAffiliated withDepartment of Biostatistics, William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine
  • , Jame L. CoyleAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine
  • , Jennifer L. WoodAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine

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Abstract

The development and use of an 8-point, equalappearing interval scale to describe, penetration and aspiration events are described. Scores are determined primarily by the depth to which material passes in the airway and by whether or not material entering the airway is expelled. Intra-and interjudge reliability have been established. Clinical and scientific uses of the scale are discussed.

Key words

Dysphagia Aspiration Penetration Scaling Deglutition Deglutition disorders