Isolation and composition of the constitutive agglutinins from haploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells
- Cite this article as:
- Sijmons, P.C., Nederbragt, A.J.A., Klis, F.M. et al. Arch. Microbiol. (1987) 148: 208. doi:10.1007/BF00414813
Sex-specific agglutinins from the cell surface of haploid cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (X2180, mta and mtα) were purified and analysed. The constitutive agglutinin from mta cells was extractable with 3 mM dithiothreitol. It was shown to be a glycoprotein (3% mannose) with an apparent Mr of 43,000 based on gel filtration, but in SDS-PAGE it behaved as a much smaller molecule (Mr between 18,000 and 26,000). About one in three amino acids was a hydroxyamino acid. Its biological activity was resistant to boiling for 1 h, but sensitive to pronase. Intact mtα cells retained their agglutinability in the presence of dithiothreitol but limited trypsinizing released a biologically active agglutinin fragment. It had an apparent Mr of 320,000 (gel filtration). When analysed by SDS-PAGE, a single diffuse band with an apparent Mr of 225,000 was observed. The protein was 94% (w/w) mannose with a trace of N-acetyl glucosamine. Its biological activity was almost completely lost after boiling for 1 h. Both agglutinins behaved as monovalent molecules and specifically inhibited the biological activity of both noninduced and pheromone-induced cells. Pheromone treatment of mta cells resulted in an apparent 32-fold increase in agglutinin activity at the cell surface, whereas pheromone treatment of mtα cells only doubled the apparent agglutinin activity.
Key wordsSaccharomyces cerevisiae Yeast mating Cell-cell recognition Sexual agglutination Agglutinins
sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis