, Volume 129, Issue 5, pp 357-360

Mixotrophic and heterotrophic growth of Beggiatoa alba in continuous culture

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Abstract

Beggiatoa alba strain B18LD was grown in continuous culture under heterotrophic conditions on acetate or acetate and asparagine and under mixotrophic conditions on acetate plus either 1 mM sodium sulfide or 1 mM sodium thiosulfate. Considerable differences were observed between the yields and the cell compositions of heterotrophic and mixotrophic cultures at all dilution rates tested. The dry weight yield per gram acetate utilized was approximately three times higher in the acetate-sulfide mixotrophic culture than in the acetate heterotrophic culture, whereas the poly-β-hydroxybutyric acid and carbohydrate contents were much higher in the heterotrophic cultures. The high yields (0.52–0.75, corrected for the weight of the sulfur) obtained with the mixotrophic cultures imply that the acetate was utilized mainly for biosynthesis. Thus, the oxidation of sulfide supplied energy. The addition of catalase to the chemostat cultures increased yields slightly, but it was insufficient to explain the differences between the heterotrophic and the mixotrophic cultures.