, Volume 128, Issue 4, pp 365-370

Thermobacteroides acetoethylicus gen. nov. and spec. nov., a new chemoorganotrophic, anaerobic, thermophilic bacterium

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Abstract

The taxonomic and metabolic characteristics of a new caldoactive bacterium, Thermobacteroides acetoethylicus, that is prevalent in volcanic features where organic matter is vigorously being decomposed is described. T. acetoethylicus is a nonsporing, obligately anaerobic rod that stains gram-negative and exists singly or in pairs. Electron micrographs revealed peritrichous flagellation and a distinctive outer wall envelope structure without an outer wall membrane layer. The temperature range for growth was >40°C and <80°C; the pH range was between 5.5 and 8.5. The DNA base composition was 31±1 mol% guanosine plus cytosine. Fermentable carbohydrates included glucose, mannose, cellobiose, lactose, maltose, sucrose and starch. Growth on glucose in complex medium was associated with a 30 min doubling time; and ethanol, acetate, H2/CO2, butyrate and isobutyrate accounted for a balanced fermentation. Lactic acid was not formed. Growth was inhibited by O2, 2% NaCl, penicillin, streptomycin, vankomycin and neomycin, but not by chloramphenicol or hydrogen (2 atm). Glucose was metabolized via the Embden-Meyerhoff Pathway. A molar growth yield of 18.3 g cell per mol glucose and an ATP yield of 8 g cell per mol ATP produced was obtained. These results support the absence of detectable cytochromes and suggest that energy conservation is via substrate level phosphorylation alone.