Diabetologia

, Volume 33, Issue 9, pp 561–568

Islet cell antibodies and fasting C-peptide predict insulin requirement at diagnosis of diabetes mellitus

  • M. Landin-Olsson
  • K. O. Nilsson
  • Å. Lernmark
  • G. Sundkvist
Originals

DOI: 10.1007/BF00404145

Cite this article as:
Landin-Olsson, M., Nilsson, K.O., Lernmark, Å. et al. Diabetologia (1990) 33: 561. doi:10.1007/BF00404145

Summary

The differential diagnosis between Type 1 (insulin-dependent) and Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes is complicated since no specific markers are available for either disease. In this study, 244 consecutive patients were diagnosed with diabetes mellitus during two years in Malmö (230000 inhabitants), corresponding to an incidence rate of 53·100000−1·year−1. Age, body mass index, HbA1c, C-peptide, and levels of islet cell antibodies were determined at the clinical onset, and related to the classification at diagnosis and at follow-up (n=233) after a median time of 31 (range 1–49) months. After diagnosis, 42 of 244 (17%) were started on insulin while 202 of 244 (83%) were not. Islet cell antibodies were present in 25 of 42 (60%), and in 18 of 183 (10%), respectively. In the non-insulin treated group, patients with islet cell antibodies had lower body mass index (p<0.001), higher HbA1c (p<0.004), and lower C-peptide (p<0.001) than patients without. At follow-up, 11 of 18 (61%) islet cell positive patients were changed to insulin treatment, as were six other patients. Insulin was discontinued in five initially insulin-treated but islet cell antibody negative patients. The sensitivity, specificity and predictive value for insulin treatment at follow-up were for islet cell antibody positivity; 72%, 96% and 84%, respectively, and for low C-peptide value; 60%, 96%, and 80%, respectively. Islet cell antibodies and low C-peptide at diagnosis of diabetes mellitus are concluded to be useful markers to predict insulin dependence.

Key words

Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes Type 2 (non-insulin dependent) diabetes incidence age body mass index HbA1c 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Landin-Olsson
    • 1
  • K. O. Nilsson
    • 2
  • Å. Lernmark
    • 1
    • 3
  • G. Sundkvist
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Malmö General HospitalUniversity of LundMalmöSweden
  2. 2.Department of Paediatrics, Malmö General HospitalUniversity of LundMalmöSweden
  3. 3.Department of MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA