, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 530-536

Cytokine-induced apoptotic cell death in a mouse pancreatic beta-cell line: inhibition by Bcl-2

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Summary

Cytokines are thought to contribute to the induction of pancreatic beta-cell destruction in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The molecular mechanisms that underlie beta-cell death were investigated by studying cytokine-induced cell death in beta-cell lines. A combination of three cytokines (interleukin-1Β, tumour necrosis factor-α, and interferon-γ) induced apoptotic cell death in the mouse pancreatic beta-cell line ΒTC1, as judged from the appearance of cells with hypodiploid nuclei and oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation. The same treatment also induced apoptosis in the mouse pancreatic alpha-cell line αTC1 and the NOD/Lt mouse beta-cell line NIT-1, although to a lesser extent than in ΒTC1 cells. The abundance of endogenous Bcl-2 in ΒTC1 cells was lower than that in the other two cell lines. Overexpression of human Bcl-2 in ΒTC1 cells partially protected them from cytokine-induced cell death. These results suggest that apoptosis may be responsible, at least in part, for cytokine-induced beta-cell destruction and that Bcl-2 prevents apoptosis in pancreatic islet cells.