Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 209–224

Carbohydrate metabolism in lactic acid bacteria

  • Otto Kandler

DOI: 10.1007/BF00399499

Cite this article as:
Kandler, O. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1983) 49: 209. doi:10.1007/BF00399499


The term “lactic acid bacteria” is discussed. An overview of the following topics is given: main pathways of homo- and heterofermentation of hexoses, i.e. glycolysis, bifidus pathway, 6-phosphogluconate pathway; uptake and dissimilation of lactose (tagatose pathway); fermentation of pentoses and pentitols; alternative fates of pyruvate, i.e. splitting to formate and acetate, CO2 and acetate or formation of acetoin and diacetyl; lactate oxidation; biochemical basis for the formation of different stereoisomers of lactate.

Copyright information

© H. Veenman & Zonen B.V. 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Otto Kandler
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanisches InstitutUniversity of MünchenMünchen 19Germany