Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 125–137

Metal biomonitoring in water resources of Eastern Ghats, Koraput (Orissa), India by aquatic plants


  • U. N. Rai
    • Aquatic Botany LaboratoryNational Botanical Research Institute
  • S. Sinha
    • Aquatic Botany LaboratoryNational Botanical Research Institute
  • P. Chandra
    • Aquatic Botany LaboratoryNational Botanical Research Institute

DOI: 10.1007/BF00398603

Cite this article as:
Rai, U.N., Sinha, S. & Chandra, P. Environ Monit Assess (1996) 43: 125. doi:10.1007/BF00398603


Biomonitoring of toxic metals in the water resources used by indigenous tribal communities in Koraput district, Orissa, India was carried out under the National Technology Mission Project. Most of the water bodies catering for the day-to-day needs of the local inhabitants were found to contain high concentrations of Fe and Mn in addition to Cr, Cd, Pb and Cu. The water bodies supported by a great number of phytodiversity and the plants growing therein accumulated significantly high amounts of these toxic metals, submerged plants being more efficient than floating ones. The species like Chara corallina and Spirogyra spp. showed significant potential to magnify Cd and Pb in their tissue several times more than the concentrations in surrounding water. The levels of metals in the plants occurring at places where the metal content is very high could be used for indicating the status of water.

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996