Indicator In Complex Systems

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 391-398

First online:

Meadow birds as indicators

  • A. J. BeintemaAffiliated withResearch Institute for Nature Management

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The use of birds as indicators for ‘biological qualities’ is not without risks, and should always be based on a sound knowledge of population dynamics and ecological requirements of the species involved. Meadow birds form a comparatively well-studied group of waders, which breed in Dutch grasslands, heavily influenced by agricultural management. The individual species show different tolerances to intensity levels of management, and can therefore be used as indicators for these levels.