ELC-Based Management

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 571-577

First online:

Forest ecological classification and mapping: Their application for ecosystem management in Newfoundland

  • L. J. MooresAffiliated withDepartment of Natural Resources, Newfoundland Forest Service
  • , B. PittmanAffiliated withDepartment of Natural Resources, Newfoundland Forest Service
  • , G. KitchenAffiliated withDepartment of Natural Resources, Newfoundland Forest Service

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A prerequisite to sustaining ecosystems is the inventory and classification of landscape structure and composition. Ecological classification and mapping involves the delineation of landscapes into easily recognizable units. Topography, soils, vegetation, physical landscape form, and successional pathways are delineation criteria commonly used.

Damman (1967) developed a forest type classification system for Newfoundland using vegetation, soil and landforms as the defining criteria. Damman's forest types were used in combination with mensurational data to assign forest types to timber volume productivity classes. Since each of the Damman forest types is associated with characteristic soils, parent materials, moisture regime and topographic position, the mapping units are similar to Canada Land Inventory (CLI) mapping units. Field work to confirm the correlation between Damman forest types and CLI capability classes was initiated in 1993. CLI maps were recoded in 1994 and Damman forest types were determined; resulting ecosystem-based maps provide a common framework to assess forestry/wildlife interactions in an ecosystem planning process.