The use of Landsat to monitor Deep Water Dumpsite 106
- Craig W. Ohlhorst
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Since the early 1970's, remote sensing has been used to study ocean dumping at some of the hearshore ocean dump sites off the coast of the United States, but little remote sensing had been done over the deep water ocean disposal sites. This report summarizes what has been learned from the remote sensing of ocean dumping by the Landsat satellites at Deep Water Dumpsite 106. Of the three major types of waste material discharged at Deep Water Dumpsite 106, only the titanium pigment process acid waste has been sighted. From early in 1977 to May 1979, 11 acid dumps were observed by Landsat. All five of the dumps sighted in 1977 occurred within warm core Gulf Stream eddies and the plumes moved clockwise within the eddies. Four of those dumps were seen to be located northeast of the original dump location while the fifth one was sighted south of the original dump location. The six remaining observed dumps, discharged in the absence of an eddy, were seen to be located generally south of the original dumping locations. The average speed of the dump movement was 0.68 kt with a range from 0.17 to 1.17 kts. Plume dispersion showed a tendency toward greater dispersion as the plume got older with the widest plume cross section measured on the order of 2100 m.
- Bisagni, J. J.: 1976, ‘Passage of Anticyclonic Gulf Stream Eddies Through Deep Water Dumpsite 106 During 1974 and 1975’, NOAA Dumpsite Evaluation Report 76-1.
- Bowker, D. E. and Witte, W. G.: 1977, ‘The Use of Landsat for Monitoring Water Parameters in the Coastal Zone’, Proceedings of the AIAA 1977 Joint Conference on Satellite Applications of Marine Operations.
- Fader, S. W. (1972) Barging Industrial Liquid Wastes to Sea. J. Water Pollut. Control Fed. 44: pp. 314-318
- Johnson, R. W. (1980) Remote Sensing and Spectral Analysis of Plumes from Ocean Dumping in the New York Bight Apex. Remote Sensing of Environment 9: pp. 197-209
- Kester, D. R., Hittinger, R. C., Mukherji, R., and Hausknecht, K.: 1978, ‘Metal Studies at DWD 106’, Final report of NOAA Grant 04-7-158-44027/44064.
- Klemas, V., Davis, G. R., Henry, R. D. (1977) Satellite and Current Drogue Studies of Ocean-Disposed Waste Drift. J. Water Pollut. Control Fed. 49: pp. 757-763
- Lewis, B. W. and Collins, V. G.: 1977, ‘Remotely Sensed and Laboratory Spectral Signature Studies of an Ocean Dumped Acid Waste’, NASA TN D-8467.
- Mizenko, D. and Chamberlain, J. C.: 1979, ‘Gulf Stream Anticyclonic Eddies and Shelf Water at Deep Water Dumpsite 106 During 1977’, NOAA Dumpsite Evaluation Report 79-1.
- O'Connor, T. P. and Park, P. K.: 1979, ‘Consequences of Industrial Waste Disposal at Deep Water Dumpsite 106’, MESA Symposium of Ecological Effects of Environmental Stress.
- Ohlhorst, C. W.: 1978, ‘Quantitative Mapping by Remote Sensing of an Ocean Acid-Waste Dump’, NASA TP-1275.
- Ohlhorst, C. W., Bahn, G. S. (1979) Mapping of Particulate Iron in an Ocean Dump. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 45: pp. 1117-1122
- Peschiera, L., Freiherr, F. H. (1968) Disposal of Titanium Pigment Process Wastes. J. Water Pollut. Control Fed. 40: pp. 127-131
- Polcyn, F. C. and Sattinger, I. J.: 1979, ‘Marine Ecosystem Analysis Program: A Summary of Remote-Sensing Investigations in the New York Bight’, ERIM Report 131200-1-F.
- Wezernak, C. T., Roller, N. (1973) Monitoring Ocean Dumping with ERTS-1 Data. Symposium on Significant Results Obtained from the Earth Resources Technology Satellite-1 1: pp. 635-641
- Wezernak, C. T., Lyzenga, D. R., and Polcyn, F. C.: 1975, ‘Remote Sensing Studies in the New York Bight’, Rep. No. 109300-5-F (NOAA Grant No. 04-4-158-33), Environ. Res. Inst. of Michigan.
- The use of Landsat to monitor Deep Water Dumpsite 106
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume 1, Issue 2 , pp 143-153
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. NASA-Langley Research Center, 23665, FTS 928-2871, Hampton, Virginia, USA