Coarse control of sucrose-phosphate synthase in leaves: Alterations of the kinetic properties in response to the rate of photosynthesis and the accumulation of sucrose
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- Stitt, M., Wilke, I., Feil, R. et al. Planta (1988) 174: 217. doi:10.1007/BF00394774
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It has been investigated whether diurnal rhythms of sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS) are involved in controlling the rate of photosynthetic sucrose synthesis. Extracts were prepared from spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaves and assayed for enzyme activity. The activity of SPS increased in parallel with a rising rate of photosynthesis, and was increased by feeding mannose and decreased by supplying inorganic phosphate. In leaf material where sucrose had accumulated during the photoperiod or when sucrose was supplied exogenously, SPS activity decreased. During a diurnal rhythm, SPS activity increased after illumination, declined gradually during the light period, decreased further after darkening and then recovered gradually during the night. These changes did not involve an alteration of the maximal activity, but were caused by changes in the kinetic properties, revealed as a change in sensitivity to inhibition by inorganic phosphate. In experiments which modelled the response of SPS to changing metabolite concentrations, it was shown that these alterations of kinetic properties would strongly modify the activity of SPS in vivo. It is proposed that SPS can exist in kinetically distinct forms in vivo, and that the distribution between these forms can be rapidly altered. As the rate of photosynthesis increases there is an activation of SPS, which may be directly or indirectly linked to changes in the availability of Pi. This activation can be modified by factors related to the accumulation of sucrose. Under normal conditions there is a balance between these factors, and the leaf contains a mixture of the different forms of SPS.
Key wordsHordeum (sucrose-phosphate synthase)Photosynthate partitioning Spinacia (sucrosephosphate synthase)PhotosynthesisRhythm (diurnal)Sucrose-phosphate synthase
- Fru6P 2kinase
uridine 5′-diphosphate glucose