, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 291-296

Rhodospirillum centenum , sp. nov., a thermotolerant cyst-forming anoxygenic photosynthetic bacterium

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Abstract

A novel non-sulfur purple photosynthetic bacterium, designated Rhodospirillum centenum, was isolated from an enrichment culture designed to favor growth of anoxygenic photosynthetic N2-fixing bacteria. R. centenum grows optimally at 40–42° C and has the capacity to produce cytoplasmic ‘R bodies’, refractile structures not observed hitherto in photosynthetic prokaryotes. The bacterium is also unusual among photosynthetic bacteria in that it forms desiccation-resistant cysts when grown aerobically in darkness with butyrate as the sole carbon source.