The salt gland in Tamarix is a complex of eight cells composed of two inner, vacuolate, collecting cells and six outer, densely cytoplasmic, secretory cells. The secretory cells are completely enclosed by a cuticular layer except along part of the walls between the collecting cells and the inner secretory cell. This non-cuticularized wall region is termed the transfusion are (Ruhland, 1915) and numerous plasmodesmata connect the inner secretory cells with the collecting cells in this area. Plasmodesmata also connect the collecting cells with the adjacent mesophyll cells.
There are numerous mitochondria in the secretory cells and in different glands they show wide variation in form. In some glands wall protuberances extend into the secretory cells forming a labyrinth-like structure; however, in other glands the protuberances are not extensively developed. Numerous small vacuoles are found in some glands and these generally are distributed around the periphery of the secretory cells in association with the wall protuberances. Further, an unusual structure or interfacial apparatus is located along the anticlinal walls of the inner secretory cells. The general structure of the gland including the cuticular encasement, connecting plasmodesmata, interfacial apparatus, and variations in mitochondria, vacuoles, and wall structures are discussed in relation to general glandular function.